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Allan George Barnard Fisher

ALLAN GEORGE BARNARD FISHER  was b: 26 Oct 1895 in Christchurch, the elder son of father Allan Gibson Fisher (1865-1949) a Salvation Army officer and mother Harriet (Nellie) Ellen Barnard (1861-1949); and d: 08 Jun 1976 in Hampton, London, Middlesex, England.

When about one year old, the family moved back to Melbourne. Allan's initial education was at home, his mother being a certificated teacher and he attended small private schools. His secondary education started at Camberwell Grammar School with his final three years was at Scotch College (where he was Dux in 1912) before entering the University of Melbourne. He graduated with first class honours in the School of History and Economics, winning the Dwight’s honours prize as well as sharing the Wyselaskie Scholarship in Political Economy. After completion of his war service Fisher undertook further studies in the University of Melbourne graduating with first class honours in the School of Philosophy.

Allan went to London to work on a Ph.D. degree  (his topic was directed to wages, employment and related conditions) then taught at Camberwell Grammar School from 1906-1909 and Scotch College from 1910-1912, and University of Melbourne from 1913-1915. His parents returned to New Zealand in 1912, and 1913 went to England, taking with them Ronald, their youngest child. Within  a year his father's health deteriorated and the family returned to Australia.

From 1916 to early 1918, Allan served in the Australian Army at the 14th Australian General Hospital at Cairo and Port Said. In 1918, he was posted to the 5th Camel Corps Field Ambulance in Palestine, near Jaffa, ending the war near Damascus.

Precis  War record: Joined up age 20 yrs 4 months, height 5ft 9" weight 10 stone, fair hair and complexion, blue eyes enlisted Victoria 17/3/1916 Reg No 14 AG Field Hospital AIF, Field Ambulance Camel Corps; religion Methodist. When he enlisted, his address was Queens College, Carlton, Victoria and occupation given as Student. He had to get written permission from his parents to join which they sent in a letter dated 28th Jan, 1916 from Cape Town, South Africa. Discharged from army after hospitalized from Port Said to Cairo Hospital with inner ear infection and deafness 14/5/1919 as fit and hearing normal to return to University in Australia. When discharged, he was aged 23 and held the rank of Corporal in the 5th Light Horse. He returned initially to the Melbourne University Rifles but then left almost immediately to go to South Africa (21 May 1919), presumably to see his parents. In Jan 1924 at London School of Economics, he directed that war medals earned - British War Medal and Victory Medal be sent to mother Mrs A G Fisher, living at 5 Gelding St, Dulwich Hill Sydney

Allan Fisher Obituary

From 1920 to Aug 1922, Allan did undergraduate work at Queen's College, in Pilosophy, and  tutored also, and from Sept, 1922 to late 1924, he attended the London School of Economics, where he gained his PhD. He returned to Australia in 1925 from England via France, Italy and Athens and   took up his Professorship in Dunedin where he wasProfessor of Economics at the University of Otago from 1925 to 1935.

On the 8th Jan 1930 he mar: Eleanor Airini Pope in Wellington (b: 15 Apr 1899 in New Plymouth to parents Eleanor Henrietta and Spencer Devenish Pope; she d: 17 Sep 1982 in Sydney, NSW) In 1930 and 1931 Allan was awarded a Rockefeller Fellowship, which enabled him to travel and study in China, Russia, Poland, Geneva, England and the United States.

During 1936-1937, Allan was Professor of Economics at the University of Western Australia in Perth,. In 1938 the family moved to England, when Allan accepting the Price Research Professorship at the Royal Institute of International Affairs, familiarly known as Chatham House, in London and became Professor of International Economics in London. This involved trips to Scandinavia and the Balkans, and in 1939, the family moved to Oxford.

1934 Alan became chief editor, Economist, Bank of New South Wales. During the War, he paid two visits to the United States, to an F.A.O. preparatory commission and 1944 was Counsellor at the New Zealand Legation in Washington D.C. He also attended the Bretton Woods Conference as well as the 1946 Paris Peace Conference, before taking up his job later that year, on the staff of the International Monetary Fund. Allan retired in 1960 and lived in England for the remainder of his life.

Example of Writings by Allan George Barnard Fisher:

Some Problems of Wages and Their Regulation, P. S. King & Son, 1926.

The Clash of Progress and Security, Macmillan, 1935.

Economic self-sufficiency, The Clarendon Press (Oxford, England), 1939.

Economic Progress and Social Security, Macmillan, 1945.

International Implications of Full Employment, Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1946.

(With son, Humphrey J. Fisher) Slavery and Muslim Society in Africa: The Institution in Saharan and Sudanic Affrica and the Trans-Saharan Trade, C. Hurst, 1970, Doubleday, 1971.

(Editor and translator with Humphrey J. Fisher) Gustav Nachtigal, Sahara and Sudan, Volume IV: Wadai and Darfur, University of California Press, 1972, Volume I: Tripoli and Fezzan, Tibesti or Tu, Barnes & Noble, 1974.

Contributor to Survey of International Affairs, 1937, 1938; contributor to Economic Journal, Economic Record, International Affairs, and other journals.*

Economic progress and social security

A.G.B. Fisher: Trans-Tasman Economist - Warren Hogan: This paper offers an extensive treatment of the education of, and development of ideas by Allan George Barnard Fisher during the first four decades of his life which were spent almost entirely in Australia and New Zealand.  He co-authored books with son Humphrey.

Children of ALLAN FISHER and ELEANOR POPE are:

i. HUMPHREY JOHN FISHER was b: 20 Sep 1933 in Dunedin and educated at Sidwell Friends School in Washington D.C., graduating in 1950. He went on to Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, where he majored in English History and Literature, graduating in 1955. He then went on to St. Antony's College, Oxford where he gained a Ph.D. in Arabic. (At the time of researching this, he was a reader in West African History at the School of Oriental and African Studies. Publications include: Ahmadiyyah: a study in contemporary Islam on the West African coast (1963); with Allan George Barnard Fisher, Slavery and Muslim society in Africa: the institution in Saharan and Sudanic Africa, and the trans-Saharan trade (1970); edited Benjamin Anderson's Narrative of a journey to Musardu, the capital of the Western Mandingoes ... with Narrative of the expedition despatched to Musahdu by the Liberian government ... in 1874 ... (1971); joint translator of Gustav Nachtigal's Sahara and Sudan [1971-]; joint editor of Rural and urban Islam in West Africa (Asian and African studies, vol xx no 1, 1986). ). He is also a non-stipendiary Anglican Minister.

Humphrey mar: 1858 Stuttgart, West Germany to HELGA KRICKE and their family are:

i. CLEMENS ANDREW FISHER b: Nigeria, Africa; mar: SYLVIA HALL in Locarno, Switzerland. Their children b: Exeter England are ANTHONY JOHN; JONATHAN DAVID and DANIEL ROBERT FISHER

ii. DUNCAN MARK FISHER b: Jordon, Middle East; mar: CLARE WARREN in Bristol, England.

iii. CRISPEN ALLAN HANS FISHER b: Oxford, England mar: KARI JONES in Mallwyd, Wales. Children are MIRIAM ALICE and ABIGAIL HELENA FISHER

iv. THOMAS GILES FISHER b:  Hampton, London, Middlesex, England.

ii. CATHERINE ANN (KATE) FISHER, b. 22 Sep 1937, Nedland, Perth, WA, Aus; mar: Sydney, NSW to LEONARD JOSEPH LAWLER. (Mrs. Leonard Lawler). Education: Attended Scotch College, Melbourne, 1909-12; University of Melbourne, B.A., 1921; London School of Economics and Political Science, Ph.D., 1925. Military/Wartime Service: Australian Imperial Forces, 1916-19. Memberships: Royal Economic Society.

(Murray Fisher, Nelson, NZ wrote Apr 2005) Kate, as she is called, was born in Western Australia and, like her brother Humphrey, was educated at Sidwell Friends School in Washington D.C., graduating in 1955. She then went on to Radcliffe College (Harvard) and majored in Classics graduating in 1959. Going on to Newnham College, Cambridge, she got a Diploma in Classical Archaeology in 1961. After completing her studies, she worked at Birmingham and Chichester Museums, before returning to Australia in 1967 to the job as Assistant, in the Nicholson Museum of Antiquities, at Sydney University. While there, Kate met her future husband, Len, who was a professional officer in the Bio-Chemistry Department. On Len's retirement, they moved to Atherton on the Atherton Tablelands in Northern Queensland. One of Len's particular interests, is the native orchids of New Zealand, which prompted a visit to this country in 1990 and they were here again in late 1996 as well as early 2003.

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