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JAMES STUART GUILFORD was b: 27 Mar 1877 in Kaiwarra, Wellington to parents James and Mary Guilford; Occ: Engineer, Miner, farmer; he d: 11 Jun 1956 in Blenheim aged 79Y; Bur: Omaka Cem.
Education: From Wanganui, James was admitted to Te Aro infants school home address Cuba St; 14 Mar 1883 16 Mar 1885 Te Aro School; 1886 attended Lower Hutt School until 1889 Terrace School, Wellington; 1893 Taita School, Hutt;
1899: James Stuart Guilford, Labourer, Jackson Street, Petone. He appied for the dole 1900.
Auckland Hospital and Charitable Aid Board: Application for relief - Jun 7, 1900. James Guilford (23) Single, Machine Fitter, residence 8 mths in Auckland
27 Oct 1900: Police Court: James Stewart Guilford was charged before on 4th October, obtaining two pairs of boots, valued at £1 17s 6d, by means of false pretences. He called at J. Kingsland and Co's shop and obtained boots on approval, promising to pay for them if they fitted. When he did not return, it was discovered that he had worn the boots. Under the Sale of Goods Act, 1895, articles when passed from a shopkeeper to a customer, and taken into use, became, to all intents and purposes, the property of the customer. However the transaction failed to be one of possession on approval to an actual purchase. The judge dismissed the case however the accused was also charged with stealing a number of tools from Scott's foundry. He was convicted, and a report requested of the Probation Officer.
Wanganui Herald, 13 Nov 1901: At the Police Court George Thurston and John' Howard were remanded till the 20th instant on several charges of theft at Wanganui on the 9th and 11th November. The articles alleged to have been stolen included a silver watch and chain, value £5 17s 6d, the property of J. S. Guilford;
1903: SUPREME COURT: James Guilford was charged with criminal assault at Otaki on a girl under ten years of age. He was carried into the dock in the lower Court, a huddled heap - a physical if not a moral wreck. He made no reply other than mutterings when the indictment was read, and a jury was accordingly empannelled to determine whether the prisoner was sane enough to plead. The Superintendant of the Mount View Asylum, was of the opinion that Guilford in his present condition could not understand the indictment, but if it were read over to him outside in quiet surroundings he would be able to understand it but when he got surrounded by constables his condition of mind was such that he deteriorated, he certainly knew at times to suppress anything against himself. He was of a low mental order, and his huddled-up state was due to something analogous to railway spine - his inability to plead a case of "couldn't and wouldn't." The Porirua Asylum Superintendent giving evidence was interrupted by the ramblings of tho prisoner, said that the man's mental condition was below par, but he probably knew whether or not he committed the crime however he did not think the prisoner appreciated his present position or could plead intelligently and regarded Guilford as a moral imbecile. He would understand the indictment, but might not be able to intelligently answer it - he certainly would not answer it. The jury had to decide whether he was mute from insanity or from obstinacy. The judge explained that under the Lunatics Act, if the finding was that the man was not sane enough to plead, the prisoner had to be kept in strict custody until the Colonial Secretary's pleasure was known. The jury found that Guilford was not at the present time fit to plead and the judge ordered it to be recorded that the prisoner stood mute by the visitation of God, and the prisoner be kept in strict custody until the pleasure of the Colonial Secretary was known. Prisoner is about 27 years of age, whose rambling had broken out several times, was then removed, still huddled-up in a chair.
Dec 2 1903: The Chief Justice sentenced James Guilford to imprisonment for life. His Honor said that after hearing the medical evidence he considered it was not safe to allow the prisoner at large.
James Guilford mar: 1915 in Auckland using the alias "James Edward De Grey" to MARY MADELINE PEARL ALCOCK, daughter of HECTOR ALCOCK and SARAH ANN - she was b: 1st Jan 1893 in Auckland, and d: Abt. 1981.
MARRIAGES: DE GREY - ALCOCK: On Nov 3, 1915, at St. Matthew's Church, by the Rev. J. Calder, James Edward, eldest son of James De Grey, England, to Madeline Pearl, daughter of Mr and Mrs H. Alcock, of Auckland. Home and Australian papers please copy.
Evening Post, 28 Sept 1915; WELLINGTON CITY'S QUOTA MEN BEING CALLED-UP: The following men are being called up as the contribution of Wellington City and Suburbs to the new battalions (3rd and 4th Battalions Trentham, Rifle Brigade) going into camp on the 12th prox. : Infantry - J S Guilford
Enlisted as Sapper James Edward de Grey b: Liverpool March 27, 1882, [a.k.a. GUILDFORD, James Stuart] WWI 4/1256, April 1917 - February 1920 NZ Engineers Tunneling Co. WW2 Reg No 1 819156; digitised service record
Auckland Hospital and Charital Aids Board - Application for relief: Married, Occ; Domestic Duties; Address 38 St Benedicts St. off Newton Rd.; Husband James Stuart Guildford (confined to goal 21 yrs) Father Hector J Alcock St Benedicts St. and sister (Dargaville) Relatives able to contribute for relief.
Archives: Sapper JE. de Grey, alias JS Guilford, 4/1256; April 1917 to Feb 1920. Embarked WW1 Vessel Ruapehu with NZ Engineers Tunneling Company.
Links: War Diary Tunneling Co Events Centennial Report TV Screen Report Waihi Memorial Dedication 22/1/2016
12 July 1920: UNDEFENDED DIVORCE; WEDDED ESCAPED PRISONER, MISCONDUCT BY HUSBAND. Misconduct by her husband in London while on military service was alleged by Mary Madeline Pearl de Grey in petitioning for dissolution of her marriage with James Edward de Grey. The petitioner, announced that after three years of married life, she discovered on the respondent's return from military service in France in 1919 that he was an escaped prisoner who had been serving a life sentence. He was arrested on his return from France, and was now in Mount Eden Goal. After his escape from custody the respondent married petitioner at Auckland on Nov 3, 1915. There were two children. The respondent went to the front in 1917. Evidence was given by the petitioner that she had received letters addressed to her husband from a woman in London, which revealed that the respondent had misconducted himself with the writer. Petitioner had no knowledge that her husband was a criminal till he was arrested. Evidence was given by the person who served the citation on the respondent, and a warder at Mount Eden Gaol, that the respondent had admitted to them that he had misconducted himself in London. A decree nisi was granted, to be made absolute in three months. James and Madeline div: 1920 at Auckland
Children of JAMES GUILFORD and MARY ALCOCK are:
AMES KITCHENER ANZAC DE GREY, b. 27 Aug 1916, Auckland; mar. 1935 to MARGRETA MONTGOMERY, 1935. Rank - Lieutenant Navy WW2; Link
ii. JOHN (JACK) ALBERT ADOLPHUS DE GREY (b: 28 May 1918; Military service: WW2 Armed Forces ; d: 25 Dec 1984 in Manakau; Crem Manakau). Jack mar: 1941 (1) MURIEL PURCHASE (div: 1946) Their children:
ANETTE DE GREY.
ii. DIANNE DE GREY.
Jack mar: 1950 (2) MARGARET MARY Kane nee SAUNDERS. b: 20 Jun 1923 in Scotland, and died 2001 in Manakau.