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Guilford/Guildford NZ Directories - 1939 to 1943


NZ Time Line: Src: 

1936 Reserve Bank taken over by state. State housing programme launched.
Jack Lovelock wins Olympic gold and sets world record for 1500m. Jean Batten's record flight from England. Working week reduced from 44 to 40 hours.

1937/1938 RNZAF set up as separate branch of armed forces. Free Milk in schools introduced. Social Security Act establishes revised pensions structure and the basis of a national health service.

1939 Sep: War declared on Germany Enlistment in the 2nd New Zealand Expeditionary Force begins. Formation of a Māori Battalion for 2NZEF with  Bernard Freyberg  appointed commander HMNZS Achilles takes part in The Battle of the River Plate.

1940 Jan: First Echelon of the 2NZEF leaves New Zealand arrives Feb at Maadi Camp in Egypt.
Prime Minister Michael Joseph Savage dies -  Peter Fraser becomes Prime Minister.
Apr: Formation of No. 75 (NZ) Squadron of the RAF
Jun: New Zealand declares war on Italy. RMS Niagara hits a mine off Bream Head, Northland
Aug: Home Guard established.  German raider Orion sinks the steamer Turakina off Cape Egmont.
Oct: Stanley Graham kills 7 in shooting spree near Hokitika
Nov: German raiders sank Steamer Holmwood off the Chatham Islands and Rangitane sunk by 480 km from East Cape and December: New Zealand steamer Komata sunk by German raiders off Nauru 
Sidney Holland becomes Leader of Opposition; military service conscription. German mines laid across Hauraki Gulf.

1941  May June: New Zealand forces suffer heavy losses in the Battle of Crete. Dec: New Zealand declares war on Japan following the attack on Pearl Harbor. Pharmaceutical and general practitioner medical benefits introduced.

1942 Fears of a Japanese Invasion prompts precautions such as air raid drills. Membership of the Home Guard became compulsory for men aged between 35 and 50. Battle of the Coral Sea. New Zealand troops in First and Second Battles of El Alamein. Food rationing introduced. Mobilisation of women for essential work. Jun: First 5 ships of American troops from the 37th US Army Division land in Auckland. First American Marines from the 1st Corps Division land in Wellington.

1943 New Zealand troops take part in invasion of Italy.
Feb: Mutiny by Japanese prisoners of war at Featherston prisoner of war camp results in 48 Japanese dead, 61 wounded, plus one NZ guard dead and 11 injured guards.
Apr: Battle of Manners Street between American and New Zealand servicemen
Jun: Several Marines drown during landing exercises at Paekakariki. Aug - Sep: Eleanor Roosevelt visits NZ
Sept: General election, Labour re-elected.